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9 key achievements of ISRO1 of 10

  • ISRO launches 104 satellites

    ISRO launches 104 satellites

    Admit it. The Indian in you felt proud today when the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) successfully launched and placed in orbit, a total of 104 satellites into space. In comparison, only the Russian Space Agency had the record of launching 37 satellites in one go. What is significant about today’s launch was the sheer number of satellites carried by a single PSLV-C37 rocket.

    Out of the 104 satellites, the Cartosat-2 earth observation satellite along with two other nano-satellites were the only passengers from India. The other 101 satellites included one each from UAE, Netherlands, Kazakhstan, Israel, Switzerland and 96 from the USA.

    Celebrating this feat, here are the nine key achievements of ISRO.

    Also Read: Indian PSLV rocket lifts off with 104 satellites

  • April 1975: Aryabhatta

    April 1975: Aryabhatta

    ISRO and India’s first indigenous satellite, named after the Indian astronomer was successfully deployed from Kapustin Yar, a Russian launch facility. This was the first milestone in the Indian Space Programme which exposed ISRO to the process of building and operating a satellite.

    Also Read: This algae species survives under extreme conditions in space

  • August 1979: SLV- 3

    August 1979: SLV- 3

    The SLV- 3 was ISRO’s first attempt at developing a satellite launch vehicle. The first experimental flight in August 1979 successfully placed the Rohini Satellite in near-Earth orbit. The SLV project was helmed by Dr A.P.J Abdul Kalam and he went on to develop the PSLV projects which are even used till date.

    Also Read: Hyperloop coming to India: Travel by land faster and safer than air

  • October 2008: Chandrayaan- 1

    October 2008: Chandrayaan- 1

    The scientists at ISRO launched India’s first lunar probe dubbed Chandrayaan-1 successfully. Although the mission lasted for just 312 days as in August 2009, ISRO lost all contact with the probe, the mission is deemed successful for most. The Chandrayaan- 1 discovered water on the lunar surface which is considered to be its greatest achievement.

    Chandrayaan- 2 is in development by ISRO and could possibly launch this year. This time around, the probe will also be a home to a robotic rover.

    Also Read: Mission Moon: TeamIndus signs up launch contract with ISRO for a PSLV

  • November 2013: Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) a.k.a Mangalyaan

    November 2013: Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) a.k.a Mangalyaan

    India’s first attempt at interplanetary space travel and ISRO’s first mission to Mars made it the fourth space agency in the world to achieve the feat in a single go. Mangalyaan entered Mars orbit on September 2014 and has since then been sending back data streams about the red planet. It carries with itself five instruments that help scientists know more about Mars.

    The Mangalyaan mission in its entirety cost just about $74 million which is said to be the cheapest interplanetary mission. Even NASA’s MAVEN Mars orbiter had a mission cost of around $672 million.

    Also Read: Mission Mars: Know why ISRO prepping up for Mangalyaan-II

  • July 2015: PSLV-C28

    July 2015: PSLV-C28

    The C28 was the heaviest commercial mission taken up by ISRO with a payload of over 1440kg. The PSLV rocket successfully launched five satellites by Surrey Satellite Technology Limited (SSTL), United Kingdom.

    Also Read: India to launch standby navigation satellite

  • October 2015: GSLV Mark III

    October 2015: GSLV Mark III

    ISRO tested a crew module aboard the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) Mark III. By 2024, the ISRO might put a two-person crew into the low Earth orbit. The plan is a part of Indian human spaceflight programme which has been in development since 2009, to put two Indian astronauts in space for seven days. ISRO has also been awarded $14.1 million by the Russian space agency to study manned space missions.

    And you thought your only option was Space X!

    Also Read: ISRO to send remote-controlled telescope on Moon

  • April 2016: Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) Programme

    April 2016: Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) Programme

    During the Kargil war in 1999, the United States denied India, access to their GPS data which led ISRO to develop India’s own GPS navigation system. The IRNSS program included 7 satellites that aggregate into the navigation system,
    NavIC (Navigation with Indian Constellation).

    NavIC keeps a tab on the Indian borders but its range exceeds well above 1500km outside. The real -time data by the satellites can track an object by up to 10 meters.

    Also Read: India Should Build Its Own Space Station

  • May 2016: Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV)

    May 2016: Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV)

    The concept behind a Reusable Launch Vehicle is that it incurs a less cost while deploying a satellite. ISRO tested RLV-TD on 23 May 2016 which attained an altitude of 65km and landed back on a runway. The project will take more than 10 years to become fully functional but when it does, it is expected to cut down costs and make space deploying much moire easier.

    Also Read: 7 Deep Space Missions That Are Awe-Inspiring

  • June 2016: PSLV-C34

    June 2016: PSLV-C34

    Before today’s launch, ISRO, in June of last year launched 20 satellites through a single rocket which was a record in itself. The primary satellite was Cartosat-2 along with two satellites from Sathyabama University, Chennai and College of Engineering, Pune. The Cartosat-2 series satellite was intended to map the country’s urban, rural and coastal, land and water spread.

    Also Read: ISRO launches remote sensing satellite RESOURCESAT-2A on board PSLV-C36

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