Four Unappreciated Heroes of Science
One of the biggest downfalls of the history of science as we know it today, is that some people receive all the acclaim while innumerable others are simply left behind unappreciated, even though their contribution is significant. Of more than 600
Charles Darwin's ideas on the 'Theory of Evolution' have made his name almost synonymous with his field of study. Darwin and evolution are said in the same breath, more often than not. But did you know that
Alfred Russell Wallace was a British naturalist and explorer who happened to be one of Darwin's close friends and intellectual equal. During the mid-1800s, Wallace was conducting an expedition in
However, his scientific exploration journal 'The Malay Archipelago' still receives limited attention and his collection of butterflies and beetles is on display at the US Natural History Museum.
The story of the surgeon Charles Drew would in all probability make for an interesting movie. It has creative genius, racial undertones, and a mysterious death to boot. Drew was an African-American surgeon who ought to be credited for bringing the wonders of blood transfusion to the masses. Innumerable lives have been saved by blood transfusions in the past 7 decades. One of the primary reasons that this has been possible is the discovery that blood could in fact be preserved and then reconstituted when the need arose.
Charles Drew is the brilliant revolutionary surgeon who came up with a system of storing blood, which is now popularly known as a blood bank. Without blood banks, the possibility of mobile units carting blood all over the world would not have existed. Drew's work was even more pivotal because of the timing of his invention. With
Unfortunately, Drew had to contend with racism throughout his life. He suffered through a horrible car accident in 1950 and legends say that the only thing that could have saved him was a blood transfusion. This should have been a cinch because his blood banks were now in active use. However, some historians believe that Drew was not given a blood transfusion that might just have saved his life because of his race.
Just like Darwin is synonymous with evolution and Newton with gravity, Watson and Crick have become synonymous with DNA. However, there is another
Most of her own papers on the structure of DNA were not published, but their availability made the re-discovery of DNA by Watson and Crick possible. Her work also contributed to the research conducted on polio and the tobacco mosaic virus. At the age of 37, Franklin succumbed to ovarian cancer. Her brilliant life has more than enough brightness in it to make her a hero in the pages of science textbooks, but she remains unappreciated.
The unappreciated heroes of science need not only be scientists and research doctors. There are some heroes who were just ordinary folk too. Henrietta Lacks was an
Later, it turned out to be a line that didn't die even after a few cell divisions. The HeLa Immortal Cell Line is hugely important in scientific discoveries because the 20 tons of HeLa cells that have been reproduced .Till date, they are exactly identical in nature. This makes them perfect samples for scientific research.
While the achievements of these science heroes are amazing, most of us will have completed college without even hearing about them.