"The true sign of intelligence is not knowledge but imagination." This quote by renowned scientist Albert Einstein motivated us to beat our brains out in order to discover different types of intelligences that exists in the world.
We came across an infographic created by Mark Vital of Funders and Founders, wherein he beautifully depicted 9 types of intelligences based on a book titled "Frames of Mind: Theory of Multiple Intelligences" by American developmental psychologist Howard Gardner. This book was published in 1983.
Gardner, who has been awarded the Brock International Prize in Education this year, has demonstrated existence of 9 different types of intelligences as following:
· Naturalist Intelligence
This intelligence designates the human ability to discriminate among living things, for instance: plants and animals. Besides, it also makes one sensitive regarding other features of the natural world, for instance: clouds and rock configurations. This is best showcased by farmers, hunters, and gatherers.
· Musical intelligence
It is the capacity to discern pitch, rhythm, timbre, and tone. This intelligence enables us to recognize, create, reproduce, and reflect on music. It is demonstrated by composers, conductors, musicians, vocalist, and sensitive listeners.
· Logical-Mathematical Intelligence
It's the ability to calculate, quantify, consider propositions and hypotheses, and carry out complete mathematical operations.
· Existential Intelligence
Sensitivity and capacity to tackle deep questions about human existence, such as the meaning of life, why do we die, and how did we get here.
· Interpersonal Intelligence
It is the ability to understand and interact effectively with others. This type of intelligence is exhibited by teachers, social workers, actors, and politicians.
· Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence
It is the capacity to manipulate objects and use a variety of physical skills. This intelligence also involves a sense of timing and the perfection of skills through mind-body union. Athletes, dancers, surgeons, and craftspeople exhibit well-developed bodily kinesthetic intelligence.
· Linguistic Intelligence
This is the ability to think in words and to use language to express and appreciate complex meanings. Linguistic intelligence is the most widely shared human competence and is evident in poets, novelists, journalists, and effective public speakers.
· Intra-personal Intelligence
It's the capacity to understand oneself and one's thoughts and feelings, which can be use in planning and directing one's life.
· Spatial Intelligence
This is the ability to think in three dimensions:
1) Core capacities (mental imagery, spatial reasoning, image manipulation)
2) graphic and artistic skills
3) an active imagination
Sailors, pilots, sculptors, painters, and architects all exhibit spatial intelligence.
You can also share this infographic with your friends and family members to find out their domain of intelligence.
(Image 1: Thinkstock)
(About the infographic: This has been created by Mark Vital of Funders and Founders.)