The Evolution of Canned Food and Drink In 38 Pictures
Attila Nagy | Gawker MediaMar 26, 2016, 09.30 PM IST
Canned foods made their debut on store shelves in the 19th century, and they've only become more common ever since. From your local deli to supermarkets, you can find pretty much anything-from tuna to pineapple-in canned form. But how did we get here? The history of canned food is more intricate than you'd think, and includes new inventions and changes in method and design that bring us to the canned goods we eat today.
Canned food has its origins in the Napoleonic wars, where the French government recognized that finding a way to preserve food for their soldiers would be incredibly useful in the field. Rudimentary processes were put into place before the end of the war.
As the practice took off in the coming century, the canning process became a major innovation in the industrializing world. Food could be preserved for years, by preventing bacteria from proliferating, increasing food safety and availability.
Women filling early hole-in-top cans at Richardson & Robbins Cannery. Founded in 1856, R&R was the first cannery in the state of Delaware, and a pioneer in the American canning industry.
Men making cans for meat at Richardson & Robbins.
Can labelling at Richardson & Robbins.
1891: Tinned or jarred products used for cooking, from Mrs. Beeton's Book of Household Management.
1909: A canning machine at the J. S. Farrand Packing Co., Baltimore, Maryland.
1910-1920: Community cannery, Asheville, N.C.
1912: A tin can making machine in operation at the Machinery Exhibition, Olympia, London.
1920: Discharged Sailors, Soldiers & Airmen's store with its windows full of tinned food.
1925: A woman with her 'Home Canner' for preserving fruit.
1928: River-bank picnic.
1930: Factory workers prepare peaches for canning at a Del Monte canning factory in the USA.
1930: Canned goods on the shelves of a grocery store.
1934: Canning beans at Wisbech, Cambridgeshire.
1936: Canning plums at a factory in Faversham.
1937: Empty cans are filled with peas and lids placed on them. Canning factory, Sun Prairie, Wisconsin
1937: A factory worker supervising the production of metal food cans.
1937: A new innovation-canned beer-is rapidly becoming very popular.
1937: A canned beer machine being tested out in London.
1939: A firm in Reading, England, is the first to fall in line with the British government's plans for food storage by producing an emergency bread. The bread is baked in hermetically sealed tins and is claimed to be edible for 10 years.
1939: Canning machine. Grapefruit juice cannery, Weslaco, Texas.
1940: Workers in the labelling and packing section of a tinned salmon production line in a Vancouver factory.
1940: A volunteer displays the contents of a Red Cross Christmas package for British prisoners of war in German camps.
1944: Dr. William Clayton, adviser on canning to the Ministry of Food, explains the simple fuse in the lid of the self-heating can. The soup was hot in this can for four minutes.
1955: Packers at a fruit factory inspect pineapple slices and place them in appropriate cans.
1955: Canning peanut oil at Central Hershey, Cuba.
1955: Tins of strange food including octopus on skewers, lava worms, and fried silkworms.
1956: A tin of Unox pork luncheon meat.
1960: British cookery writer and television chef Fanny Cradock inspects some tinned Norwegian pate at the First National Delicatessen Exhibition in Park Lane House, London.
1962: A fine selection of foods in a Harrods hamper including dates, pickles, and plum pudding.
1962: Russian caviar from Astrakhan.
1963: Easy to open cola can. The 8-oz can, manufactured by the Reynolds Metals Company, marked the first time that aluminum cans were used in soda manufacturing.
1976: Pumpernickel, the famous German black bread, is an export hit, and many boxes of it go to the United States. At the assembly line of a bakery plant in Guetersloh, West Germany, Pumpernickel is tinned and readied for the transport over the ocean.
1981: Hungarian space food developed for cosmonaut Bertalan Farkas, participating in the Intercosmos program.
2003: Cans of SPAM on display at the Waikiki SPAM JAM Festival in Honolulu, Hawaii. The Waikiki SPAM JAM is a celebration of one of Hawaii's favorite foods.
2005: Packers fills sardine cans at the Stinson Seafood plant, the nation's last sardine cannery, in Gouldsboro, Maine.
2006: A canned food menu for the International Space Station, developed to meet the difficult requirements of dining in space, including zero bacteria.
2014: Canned processed pumpkins move along a conveyor belt in the case and label area of the Libby's pumpkin cannery in Morton, Ill.
2015: With the popularity in craft beer spiking, breweries have faced an unexpected problem: a shortage in 16 ounce cans.
10 Scientists Who Were Killed Or Injured By Their Own Experiments
10 Scientists Who Were Killed Or Injured By Their Own Experiments
Marie Curie, along with her husband Pierre discovered the radioactive element Radium, which ultimately led to her demise. In 1898, she discovered the element and spent the subsequent years performing radiation research and studying radiation therapy. During this extensive periods of research, she exposed herself to excessive radiation and contracted leukemia, leading to her death in 1934.
Galileo's name will be forever attached to the field of science for his relentless contribution to studying the outer space. His most important invention, the telescope, was what rendered him practically useless in his later years. Soon after discovering the telescope, Galileo spent hours observing the sun, causing extreme damage to his retinas. This led to near blindness in the last four years of his life.
Sir Humphry Davy
Sir Humphrey Davy, was a phenomenal British chemist, but he had a particular inclination towards causing explosions. He also had the habit of inhaling the gases he dealt with, which along with the discovery of the anesthetic Nitrous Oxide, also caused numerous chemical poisonings. For the remaining two decades of his life, he was rendered invalid due to the frequent poisonings, and during this time, he also managed to damage his eyes permanently in a nitrogen trichloride explosion.
Michael Faraday joined as an apprentice of Sir Humphry Davy after he lost his eyes and went on to make important discoveries in the electro-magnetic realm of science. But just like his employer, Faraday too suffered eye damage in a nitrogen chloride explosion and had to spend the remainder of his life suffering from chronic chemical poisoning.
Jesse William Lazear
Jesse William Lazear was an American physicist at the Johns Hopkins Hospital where he studies malaria and yellow fever. He managed to confirm the hypothesis that yellow fever was transmitted by mosquitoes. Because of his experience with mosquitoes, he was using mosquito larvae infected with yellow fever, when he deliberately allowed an infected mosquito to bite him, all in the name of science. He contracted the disease soon after and died seventeen days later.
Alexander Bogdanov was a lot of things- physician, philosopher, economist, science fiction writer and a revolutionary, but one thing he wasn't was being careful. In 1924, the russian scientist started to experiment with blood tranfusions, in the hopes of achieving eternal youth. After 11 tranfusions on himself, Bogdanov declared he had ceased his balding and improved his eyesight. But in 1928, Bogdanov took a transfusion which proved to be fatal for him, as the blood was infected with malaria and tubercolosis. As a result, he died shortly after.
Jean-Francois De Rozier
A teacher of Physics and chemistry, Jean-Francois was highly inspired for human flight after witnessing the world's first balloon flight. He assisted in untethered flights of a sheep, chicken and a duck and then proceeded to experience the feeling of flight himself. He became the first man on a free flight on a baloon and travelled at an altitude of 3,000 feet using a hot air balloon. He then decided to fly over the English Channel from France to England, but after reaching 1,500 feet in a combined hot air and gas balloon, the balloon deflated and he fell to his death.
Sabin Arnold von Sochocky
Sabin Arnold Von Sochoky was the brains behind the invention of the first radium-based luminescent paint. However, he succumbed to his own invention when he contracted aplastic anemia resulting from the exposure to radioactive radium.
Max Valier was a pioneer in the field of liquid-fulled rocket engines. He too was a victim of his own invention when the alcohol-fuelled rocket he built exploded on his test bench in Berlin, instantly taking his life.
Franz Reichelt, referred to as the flying tailor, was a tailor with a passion for flying, back in the 1800s. He had become fixated on developing a suit for aviators that would convert into a parachute and help them survive the fall. His initial experiments with dummies dropped from the fifth floor of his apartment were successful. However, when he wanted to test the suit on himself from a greater height, he jumped from the first deck of the Eiffel Tower, straight to his death.
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