Hubble Telescope Observes Goth Jupiter
Over a thousand light years away, there's a planet that isn't conforming to your so-called rules. It's not one of the jocks like Earth, or one of the preps like Saturn. WASP-12b probably sits beneath the bleachers dressed in its black outfit with the checkered wristbands it bought from
Scientists discovered WASP-12b back in 2008 with the SuperWASP-N camera in the Canary Islands, but probably didn't realize what kind of a rebellious child they'd ended up with. After watching it orbit its parent star, WASP-12a, scientists realized that the planet reflected very little light; it's as dark as the dark lord.
The scientists observed WASP-12b because they were interested in its atmosphere, and planned to measure the light reflecting off of it as it passed behind its relatively dim parent star. WASP-12b is already a highly-studied planet, according to a Hubble release. The planet has a radius twice Jupiter's and is incredibly close to WASP-12a, with a year lasting around a single Earth day. Its 2600 degree Celsius surface stretches like an egg from its nearby sun. If there's one thing that's certain, this planet isn't a freaking poser .
Dimensions aside, the planet reflects at most 6.4 percent of the light that hits it. This is like black paint, or my lipstick at a Taking Back Sunday concert, and for comparison, the darkest object in our solar system is probably a comet that reflects three or so percent of incoming light. Darker planets have been found; scientists found one that reflects only one percent of the light back in 2011, for example. They felt their observations were consistent with a planet made mostly from hydrogen and helium, making it look more like a star than a planet.
The scientists measured the planet's reflectivity down to the specific color, which has only been done for one other planet, according to the paper submitted to the Astrophysical Journal. They found that WASP-12b doesn't seem to show a color preference in the light it reflects, but glows red from its heat. This, they report, is very different from the other planet, HD 189733b, which seemed to reflect more light closer to the blue end of the spectrum. These stark differences demonstrated to the scientists that there's a lot of diversity within these Hot Jupiters, and lots to learn based on the light they reflect. Welcome to Hot Jupiter High.
Things will be okay, WASP-12b, and maybe one day you'll look back and say it was all just a phase. But until then,