Measles Has Officially Been Banished From the Americas
was made yesterday at a meeting held by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), a division of the World Health Organization (WHO). The Western Hemisphere's last case of
"This is a historic day for our region and indeed the world," PAHO/WHO Director Carissa Etienne said in a statement. "It is proof of the remarkable success that can be achieved when countries work together in solidarity towards a common goal. It is the result of a commitment made more than two decades ago, in 1994, when the countries of the Americas pledged to end measles circulation by the turn of the 21st century."
This historic milestone took a lot of work and coordination, including strong political commitments from member states and mass vaccination campaigns against measles, mumps, and rubella throughout the Americas. Measles is now the fifth vaccine-preventable disease to be wiped out from the Americas, joining smallpox, polio, rubella, and congenital rubella syndrome.
Prior to the introduction of mass
However, imported outbreaks still occur. Infected travelers bring the disease along with them on an all-too frequent basis, highlighting the need for constant vigilance. In recent years, the United States has experienced a batch of these highly localized outbreaks, including one in 2015 involving 189 people from 24 states. In the majority of these cases,
the people who became infected were unvaccinated
Measles can quickly spread when it reaches a community where significant numbers of people aren't vaccinated. All of the cases in the United States were quickly contained, preventing the disease from becoming endemic in the country once more. Prior to the introduction of the measles vaccination in 1963, around three to four million cases of the disease were recorded in the United States each year.
But anti-vaxxers could destroy all of this work. A disease can only become endemic-that is, spread through a population without the need for an external source (like an infected traveler)-if most of the people in the population are vaccinated. It's called herd immunity. According to the
Oxford Vaccination Group
, 19 out of 20 people, or 95 percent of the population, need to be vaccinated against measles to protect people who are not vaccinated.
Unlike anti-vaxxers who voluntarily and
As for the global battle to combat measles, that work is ongoing.
"We can not become complacent with this achievement but must rather protect it carefully," said Etienne. "Measles still circulates widely in other parts of the world, and so we must be prepared to respond to imported cases. It is critical that we continue to maintain high vaccination coverage rates, and it is crucial that any suspected measles cases be immediately reported to the authorities for rapid follow-up."